Tyres not only come in all different shapes and sizes, but the type is also a major factor in how they work, and the performance, efficiency and life youâ€™ll get out of them. Here we take a look at the main types, and what their differences are.
Performance (summer) tyres
Performance tyres are designed for driving performance and speed rather than longevity. Made of a softer rubber, with a different tread, they are not made for wet weather conditions, and can be dangerous if used in those conditions.
Especially designed for driving in wet conditions, Wet-weather tyres have a tread pattern which is deeper to keep more water away from the tyre. Made with a rubber compound which is even softer than those of Performance, Wet-weather tyres heat up more quickly to provide more grip on the road.
Snow (winter) tyres
The opposite to performance tyres, snow tyres are designed for use in snow and icy conditions. Their tread is much larger than normal, they should only be used in these conditions as they wear very quickly on dry roads and can also cause damage to the dry road surface. They also tend to be very noisy when driven on normal dry roads, and will usually have M&S stamped on the side, with possibly a snowflake symbol.
Used primarily on 4WD vehicles, such as SUVâ€™s and Utes, all-terrain tyres are designed for handling a wide range of on-road and off-road conditions. Theyâ€™re a middle of the road tyre when it comes to the rubber- neither too hard nor too soft. With stiffer sidewalls and large tread patterns theyâ€™re quite noisy on normal dry roads, but work well when on sand or dirt tracks.
All-round (all season) tyres
Found on most cars as theyâ€™re rolled out of the factory, these all-rounders are designed to handle most weather and road conditions that motorists will encounter. Theyâ€™re a good compromise between grip, life, wet/dry weather and performance.